FROM TERRORISTS TO PEACE WARRIORS: Mentoring Poso Islamic Jihadists Using The Heart, Hand, and Head Approach

  • Lukman Thahir Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Palu
Keywords: Isalmic jihadist, terrorism, peace warrior, mentoring


This article is the result of the author’s qualitative research on the Poso terrorist prisoner community for six months in prison and one year outside of prison with  Heart, Hand and Head approach. The objectives are: First, to change the mindset of the Poso jihadist community from terrorists to peace warriors. Second, to formulate the concept of terrorist mentoring with the Heart, Hand, and Head approach.  The main questions of this research were focused on:  1). How were profile and the pattern of mentoring with the Heart, Hand and Head approach for the ex-jihadist Poso?, and 2). What activities did the former Poso jihadists do as Peace Warriors ?. To answer this problem, the methods used: 1). Phenomenological Descriptive, 2). Bloom’s Taxonomy and Social Pedagogic Learning Method; and  3).  Mentoring Guide from the Center for Health Leadership & Practice Public Health Institute Oakland. Data collection techniques employed   were observation, in-depth interview  and documentation. The results show that 1). The profile of the ex-Poso jihadists are: the executor of the Tentena bombing, the mutilation of five Christian high school students, the shooting coordinator of Pastor Susianti. Then,  The pattern of mentoring is divided into two parts: in prison, due to time constraints, it emphasizes the aspects of building trust and winning sympathy (Heart), outside of prison, the three approaches of Heart, Hand and Head are carried out in a holistic and integrative manner. 2). There are three activities carried out by former Poso jihadists as peace warriors: First, becoming a speaker for counter terrorism activities. Second, to be part of the deradicalization process of the East Indonesian Mujahidin group. Third, attracting ten former Poso terrorists to join the peace warriors.


Download data is not yet available.


Abdullah, Taufik. Agama, Etos Kerja Dan Perkembangan Ekonomi. Bandung: LP3ES, 1988.
Bhakti, Mohd Adhe. “Daftar Nama Pelaku Tindak Pidana Terorisme Dan Kasusnya (2006-2013).” Accessed August 9, 2019.
Firdaus, Arie. “BNPT: 25 Napi Teroris Masih Radikal.” Berita Benar, 2016.
Fitriana Tri Cahyo; Pattipelohy, Shary Charlotte, Saella; Utomo. “Upaya BNPT Dalam Melaksanakan Program Deradikalisasi Di Indonesia.” Journal of International Relations 3, no. 1 (2017): 187–94.
Gazibara, Senka. “‘Head, Heart and Hands Learning’ - A Challenge for Contemporary Education.” Journal of Education Culture and Society 4, no. 1 (January 11, 2020): 71–82.
Institute for Economics & Peace. “Global Terrorism Index Measuring the Impact of Terrorism,” 2020.
International Crisis Group. “‘Deradicalisation’ and Indonesian Prisons: Executive Summary and Recommendations,” 2007.
Kamaludin, Iip. “Efektivitas Pembinaan Narapidana Terorisme Dalam Upaya Deradikalisasi Di Lembaga Pemasyarakatan.” Al-Adl: Jurnal Hukum 12, no. 2 (2020): 303–33.
Khan, Shahid. “Qualitative Research Method - Phenomenology.” Asian Social Science 10, no. 21 (October 30, 2014): 298–310.
Mahmud, Malissa, Yazilmiwati Yaacob, Chandra Ramachandiran, Wong Shiet, and Othman Ismail. “Theories into Practices: Bloom’s Taxonomy, Comprehensive Learning Theories (CLT) and E-Assessments.” In Conference: The 2018 International Conference on Educational Assessment and Policy (ICEAP, 2018), 2019.
Mark, Ambassador D., Wallace and Fran F. Townsend. “When the Terrorists Come Home: The Need for Rehabilitating and Reintegrating America’s Convicted Jihadist,” 2018. Report_When Terrorists Come Home_120618.pdf.
Practice, The Center for Health Leadership &. “Mentoring Guide: A Guide for Mentors.” The Center for Health Leadership & Practice, 2003.
Solehudin, Imam (ed.). “Ditjen PAS Benarkan Insiden Penyerangan Terhadap Nasir Abbas.”, 2016.
Streubert, Helen J. Streubert, Helen J. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2011.
Thahir, Lukman S. Hasil Penelitian Dan Pendampingan Mantan Narapidana Teroris Poso. Jakarta: Harakatuna, 2019.
The International Crisis Group. “How Indonesian Extremists Regroup.” Jakarta/Brussels, 2012.
Vidino, Lorenzo and Seamus Hughes. “America’s Terrorism Problem Doesn’t End with Prison—It Might Just Begin There,” 2018.—it-might-just-begin-there.
Vision of Humanity. “Global Terrorism Index: Managing, Rehabilitating & Reintegrating Terrorism Offenders,” 2017.
How to Cite
Thahir, L. (2022, June 30). FROM TERRORISTS TO PEACE WARRIORS: Mentoring Poso Islamic Jihadists Using The Heart, Hand, and Head Approach. Hunafa: Jurnal Studia Islamika, 19(1), 1-28.