ABORTUS DALAM PANDANGAN HUKUM ISLAM

  • Zulfahmi Alwi UIN Alauddin Jl. Sultan Alauddin No. 63 Makassar

Abstract

Abstract. Generally, abortion done in case of unwanted pregnancy and was usually motivated by a variety of factors, including economic, social, contraceptive failure in married couples, as well as sex of unmarriad couples. Islam strictly prohibits the act of abortion with social and economic motives. Abortion has absolutely forbidden unless it’s motivation based on justifiable reason in Islam. Perpetrators of abortion may be punished by heavy penalty, which is to pay al-ghurrah or freeing slave. If the penalty of al-ghurrah is applied in contemporary life, the content of the sentence is determined by a court verdict.  Islam greatly appreciates human existence since the early stages of events. Every effort to obstruct the growth of the fetus or to remove it from the womb before the arrival time of the birth naturally can not be tolerated.

Kata kunci: aborsi, al-ghurrah, janin, ruh, hukum Islam.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Al-Qur’ān al-Karīm.
Abū Zahrah, Muhammad. Uṣūl al-Fiqh. T.tp.: Dar al-Fikr al-‘Arabī, t.th.
Anīs, Ibrāhim, dkk. Al-Mu’jam al-Wasīṭ. T.tp.: t.p., t.th.
Al-Azhar al-Syarīf. Bayān li al-Nās. T.tp.: al-Matba’at al-Azhar, t.th.
Basyir, Ahmad Azhar. Refleksi Atas Persoalan Keislaman; Seputar FilsafatHukum, Politik dan Ekonomi. Bandung: Mizan, 1994.
Al-Bukhārī, Abū ‘Abdullāh Muhammad bin Ismā‘īl. S{ahīh al-Bukhārī. Indonesia: Maktabat Dahlan, t.th.
Al-Burnū, Muhammad Sidqībin Ahmad. Al-Wajīz fī Īdhāh Qawā’id al-Fiqh al-Kulliyah. Beirut: Mu’assasat al-Risālah, 1404 H/1983.
Departemen Agama Republik Indonesia. Al-Quran dan Terjemahnya. Jakarta: Proyek Penggandaan Kitab Suci Al-Quran Departemen Agama RI., 1994.
Echols, Jhon M. dan Hasan Sadily. Kamus Inggris-Indonesia. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia, 1990.
Al-Ghazālī. Ihyā’ ‘Ulūm al-Dīn. T.tp.: Dār Ihyā’ al-Kutub al-‘Arabiyyah, t.th.
Haq, Hamka. “Aspek-aspek Teologis dalam Konsep Maslahat menurut al-Syatibīsebagai terdapat dalam al-Muwafaqat,“ Disertasi. Jakarta: IAIN Syarif Hidayatullah, 1989.
Heller, Martin. International Family Heart Encylopedia. London: Orbis Publising Ltd., 1971.
Ibn ‘Ābidīn, Muhammad Amīn. Hāsyiyah Ibn ‘Ābidīn. Mesir: Mus}tafā al-Bābī al-Halabī, 1386 H/1966.
Ibn Hazm, Abū Muhammad ‘Alībin Ahmad bin Sa’īd. Al-Muhallā. Mesir: Maktabat al-Jumhuriyyat al-‘Arabiyyah, 1391 H/1971.
Ibn Manzhūr, Muhammad bin Mukarram. Lisān al-Arab. Mesir: Dār al-Mis}riyyah, t.th.
Ibn Qudāmah, Muwaffiq al-Dīn AbīMuhammad ‘Abdillāh bin Ahmad. Al-Mughnīwa al-Syarh al-Kabīr ‘alā Matn al-Mughnī. Beirut:Dār al-Fikr, 1412 H/1992.
Ibn Taimiyah, Taqīal-Dīn. Majmū’āt Fatāwā Ibn Taymiyah. T.tp.: Dār al-Fikr, t.th.
Ibn Zakariyā, Abū al-Husayn Ahmad bin Fāris. Mu’jam Maqāyīs al-Lugah. T.tp.: Dār al-Fikr, 1394 H./1979.
Al-Jazīrī, ‘Abd al-Rahmān. Kitāb al-Fiqh ‘alā al-Mazāhib al-Arba’ah. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 1410 H/1990.
Khallāf, ‘Abd al-Wahhāb. ‘Ilm Us}ūl al-Fiqh. T.tp.: Maktabat al-Da’wat al-Islāmiyyah, t.th.
Lane, Edwardd William. An Arabic-Englis Lexicon. Lebanon: Librarie Du Liban, 1968.
Al-Māwardī, Abū al-Hasan ‘Alībin Muhammad bin Habīb. Al-Hāwīal-Kabīr. Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1414 H/ 1994.
Mochtar, Rustam. Sinopsis Obstetri: Obstetri Fisiologi, Obstetri Patalogi. Jakarta: Penerbit Buku Kedokteran EGC, 1990.
Mukti, Ali Ghufran dan Adi Heru Sutomo. Abortus, Bayi Tabung, Eutanasia, Transplantasi Ginjal dan Operasi Kelamin dalam Tinjauan Medis, Hukum dan Agama Islam. Yogyakarta: Aditya Media, 1993.
Al-Naisābūrī, Abū al-Husayn Muslim bin al-Hajjāj al-Qusyairī. ṢahīhMuslim. Indonesia: Maktabah Dahlan, t.th.
Nugroho, E. dkk. Ensiklopedi Nasionnal Indonesia. Jakarta: PT. Cipta Adi Pustaka, 1990.
Al-Qardhāwī, Yūsuf. Al-Halāl wa al-Harām fī al-Islām. Beirut: Maktab al-Islāmī, 1978.
Qutb, Sayyid. FīZhilāl al-Qur’ān, juz IV. Kairo: Dār al-Masyrūq, 1412 H/1992.
Al-Rakhīlī, Wahbah. Al-Fiqh al-Islāmīwa Adillatuh. Damaskus: Dār al-Fikr, 1409 H/1989.
Ramli, Med. Ahmad dan K. St. Pamoentjak. Kamus Kedokteran. Jakarta: Djambatan, 1992.
Al-Ramlī, Syams al-Dīn Muhammad bin Abīal-‘Abbās Ahmad bin Hamzah bin Syihāb al-Dīn. Nihāyat al-Muhtāj ilā Syarh al-Manhāj. Mesir: Muṣṭafā al-Bābīal-Halabī wa Awlāduh, 1386 H/1967.
Rusyd, Ibn. Bidāyat al-Mujtahid. Indonesia: Dār Ihyā’ al-Kutub al-‘Arabiyyah, t.th.
Sadily, Hassan, dkk. Ensiklopedi Indonesia. Jakarta: Ichtiar Baru Van Hoeve, 1980.
Sills, David L. (ed.), International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. New York: The Macmillan Company and The Free, 1972.
Syaltūt, Mahmūd. Al-Islām ‘Aqīdah wa Syari’ah. Kairo: Dār al-Qalam, 1966.
al-Syarbānī, Syams al-Dīn Muhammad bin Muhammad al-Khatīb. Mughnīal-Muhtāj ilā Ma’rifat Ma’ānī Alfāz al-Manhāj. Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1415 H/1993.
Al-Syātibī, Abū Ishāq.Al-Muwāfaqāt fīUs}ūl al-Syarī’ah. Mesir: al-Maktabat al-Tijāriyyat al-Kubrā’, t.th.
Al-Syirbāsī, Ahmad. Yas’alūnaka fī al-Dīn wa al-Hayāh. Beirut: Dār al-Jayl, 1980.
The Encyclopedia Americana, jilid XIV. U.S.A.: Americana Corporation, h.548.
Tim Penyusun Kamus Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa. KamusBesar Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka, 1990.
Al-Tirmizī, Abū Isā Muhammad bin ‘Īsā bin Saurat. Sunan al-Tirmizī. Indonesia: Maktabat Dahlan, t.th.
Zuhdi, Masjfuk. Masail Fiqhiyah. Jakarta: Haji Masagung, 1993.
Published
2013-12-15
How to Cite
Alwi, Z. (2013, December 15). ABORTUS DALAM PANDANGAN HUKUM ISLAM. HUNAFA: Jurnal Studia Islamika, 10(2), 293-321. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24239/jsi.v10i2.33.293-321
Section
Articles