THE ROLE OF MUṢĀLAḤAH IN CONFLICT RESOLUTION: A HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE
Abstract. This paper deals with the role of muṣālaḥah in conflic resolution among Muslim societies using a historical approach. From a historical analysis it is concluded that the concept of ṣulḥ and muṣālaḥah have predated Islam, and played a vital role in resolving disputes and conflicts among clans in pre-Islam Arab societies. In the period of Islam, as in the case of Fatḥ Makkah (winning over Mecca) and Ṣulḥ al-Ḥudaybiyyah (peace treaty at Ḥudaybiyyah). In resolving conflicts, there are principles employed by the Prophet Muḥammad, such as tolerance, non-violence, patience, forgiveness, peace, harmony and mercy.Kata Kunci: resolusi konflik, muṣālaḥah, ṣulḥ, toleransi, nir-kekerasan, pemaafan
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